The present value (PV) of an annuity is the current value of future payments from an annuity, given a specified rate of return or discount rate. It is calculated using a formula that takes into account the time value of money and the discount rate, which present value of ordinary annuity tables is an assumed rate of return or interest rate over the same duration as the payments. The present value of an annuity can be used to determine whether it is more beneficial to receive a lump sum payment or an annuity spread out over a number of years.

The formula for finding the present value of an ordinary annuity is often presented one of two ways, where “r” represents the interest rate and “n” represents the number of periods. Using either of the two formulas below will provide you with the same result. Future value (FV) is the value of a current asset at a future date based on an assumed rate of growth. It is important to investors as they can use it to estimate how much an investment made today will be worth in the future.

## What Is the Future Value of an Annuity?

The present value (PV) of an annuity is the discounted value of the bond’s future payments, adjusted by an appropriate discount rate, which is necessary because of the time value of money (TVM) concept. The table simplifies this calculation by telling you the present value interest factor, accounting for how your interest rate compounds your initial payment over a number of payment periods. An ordinary annuity is a series of equal payments made at the end of consecutive periods over a fixed length of time. The payment for an annuity due is made at the beginning of each period. This variance in when the payments are made results in different present and future value calculations.

Using the same example of five $1,000 payments made over a period of five years, here is how a present value calculation would look. It shows that $4,329.58, invested at 5% interest, would be sufficient to produce those five $1,000 payments. Our imaginary friend, David, starts his annuity with a $2,000 payment and will pay that same amount every period. That means by the time David reaches his 12th payment of $2,000, his total annuity balance will be $51,246.54.

## Defining the Present Value of Annuity

The present value of the annuity is $50,757, which is greater than the lump sum of $50,000. Thus, the annuitant can decide whether receiving the money as annuity payments is better than one lump sum. Behind every table, calculator, and piece of software, are the mathematical formulas needed to compute present value amounts, interest rates, number of periods, payment amounts, and other future value amounts. If your annuity promises you a $50,000 lump sum payment in the future, then the present value would be that $50,000 minus the proposed rate of return on your money.

- If your annuity promises you a $50,000 lump sum payment in the future, then the present value would be that $50,000 minus the proposed rate of return on your money.
- First, we will calculate the present value (PV) of the annuity given the assumptions regarding the bond.
- After entering the code, take the cursor to the bottom-right corner of that cell (until it becomes a black plus sign) and drag it vertically to compute the first column automatically.
- The present value of an annuity is the current value of future payments from an annuity, given a specified rate of return, or discount rate.
- Annuity due refers to payments that occur regularly at the beginning of each period.
- Future value (FV), on the other hand, is a measure of how much a series of regular payments will be worth at some point in the future, again, given a specified interest rate.

Annuity calculators, including Annuity.org’s immediate annuity calculator, are typically designed to give you an idea of how much you may receive for selling your annuity payments — but they are not exact. An annuity table is a tool for determining the present value of an annuity or other structured series of payments. Remember that all annuity tables contain the same PVIFA for a specific number of periods at a given rate, much like multiplication tables give the same product for any two numbers.

## AccountingTools

By the end of the year, your balance would grow to $1,010 because of the interest earned. Annuity.org partners with outside experts to ensure we are providing accurate financial content.